Amidst the current political instability in Mali, there is another stumbling block to their development. As the citizens have had to relocate from their homes, it has become harder for them to get access to the necessities of life such as: shelter, food, water healthcare etc. Another challenge now is the climate change in Mali.
Around two-thirds of Mali is desert. There is a desert in the north and, the Sahel strip is an area of dry land spanning several countries. Moreover, it’s the northern and central areas that are also most affected by conflict. Climate change makes matters worse. In simple terms, over recent years, temperatures have been increasing with less predictable rainy seasons. And again, an increase in extreme weather events like floods and droughts.
The effects of the climate change in Mali have been numerous. Flooding, decreased food production, increased desertification and tensions concerning who controls the existing water sources.
A lot of people are not aware of the ongoing climate change or its effects. One way for people to deal with the effects of climate change is to learn to adapt to the changes. People can also be made aware of climate change. Then they must be taught how to deal with floods. Ultimately the citizens will learn to improve their access to safe water.