One of the aims of the government of Ghana throughout the passing years has been to reduce the country’s housing deficit. Also, it sought to provide housing to all Ghanaians, especially the average Ghanaian who found themselves in urban centres.
As such, the affordable housing projects was implemented way back in the 1960’s. In 2006, there was a housing dream that was brought to reality: The Borteyman Affordable Housing Project. Although it saw the light of day, the government was unable to see to its completion.
From there sprung up more affordable housing projects in several parts of the country: The Asokore Mampong Housing Project, The Saglemi Housing Project, The Borteyman Affordable Housing Project, The Appolonia Affordable Housing Project amongst others.
These mentioned projects are situated in Kumasi and Accra respectively. In past years, some housing projects were said to have been initiated in the other regions of Ghana but it appears that most of these projects are concentrated in the Kumasi and Accra regions.
Currently, most of these projects have been abandoned and are in deplorable states. Some had to be given out to other institutions to assist with the completion. One being the case of The Borteyman Affordable Housing Project. Some other housing projects have popped up and have been successfully completed. One of such is the Kpone, Comm. 22 Housing Project. This was commenced and completed under the TDC Development Company.
Recently, the sitting government, in partnership with the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), are set to construct at least 100, 000 affordable homes throughout the country. The estimated cost of this project is pegged at US$436m.
As the population of the country continues to move up, the housing needs of the people also goes up. The affordable housing project is now a challenge of the government as the housing deficit continues to shoot up. The average Ghanaian, the low and middle income groups in the country continue to struggle with their housing needs.
This happens as a result of the increase in the cost of rent and housing with each year. The dream of most Ghanaians to be able to own their own decent homes before pension or right after pension keeps getting out of their reach.
The provision of affordable and decent housing for the general populace is a right under the Social Contract. It requires that the National Housing Policy, the National Settlement Planning System in collaboration with individual professionals in the construction sector come together to help make the affordable housing for the people a reality in the near future.
Also, the government must see to the started housing projects and bring them to completion to help ease the housing problems the country faces.